jQuery Slider
Plan your
Holiday?








Popular Destinations

Intro
How to reach
Places to visit
Distances
Things to do
Where to stay
How to go around
Fests & Fairs
Important Numbers
Climate
Shimla

Height: Most of the town lies between 2,100 m and 2,300 m
Languages spoken: Hindi. Also English, Punjabi and Pahari.
Religion: Mostly Hindu. Also Sikh, Muslim and Christian
Medical Facilities: Good
Telecommunications: Worldwide links by the net, telephone and fax, code: 0177


With all its intricacies, history seems to have been the mortar for every brick and stone that has built Shimla. As the Summer Capital of the British in India, Shimla was the country's focus for the better part of every year and now, is the state capital of Himachal Pradesh. The town of Shimla rose in the nineteenth century when the Gurkha Wars came to an end in 1815-16 and the victorious British decided to retain certain pockets as military outposts and sanitaria. In 1822 the most rigorous of dandies and the greatest of sticklers for form Captain Charles Pratt Kennedy, Political Agent to the Hill States directed that a house be built for him at the village whose name is variously reported as Sheyamalaya Shumlah, Shimlu and Shemlah. Kennedy House led the vanguard of the hundred-odd houses that were to scatter themselves by 1841 over every level or gently inclining space. Lured by the climate and terrain scores of European invalids began moving to the station and the only stipulation of the local chief who owned the land was that no tree be cut or cattle slaughtered.


In 1864 the Viceroy, John Lawrence anointed Shimla – then spelt Shimla, as the summer capital of British India. With Lawrence came the Viceroy Council, the Imperial Secretariat, representatives of the Indian princes and foreign envoys. As the town grew to become the workshop of the Empire, an awed visitor observed, every pigeonhole cradled an embryo of a war or death. Despite the fact that up to the time of Indian independence in 1947, Shimla officially remained only the summer capital, yet the Government spent more time in these hills than at the actual capital Calcutta and later New Delhi. As the bearer of the Vice regal scepter this tiny pocket became the cynosure of British Empire. Imperial grandeur, and all the panoply and trappings of power came along for the ride. And there was a popular local saying that went, “You cannot sleep the nights in Shimla for the sound of grinding axes”. A social whirl of parties, gymkhanas, balls, fancy fairs and affaires du Coeur ensured that a heady mixture of scandal and intrigue constantly wafted through the town.


Quite inevitably the freedom movement had a close connection with Shimla. Ornithologist and former Civil Servant, Allan Octavian Hume created the Indian National Congress which spearheaded the struggle while living in the town. Stalwarts like Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya and Maulana Azad regularly visited Shimla. Major events that took place in the town were the Shimla Conference in 1942, the deliberations of the Cabinet on and finally the decision to partition India.


And while the British Empire may have ceased to exist, its echoes linger on in the architecture and ambience of this hill resort. The elements of nostalgia may be strong but Shimla also has a youthful vigor in its pace. Its easy accessibility and several other attractions have made it one of India’s most popular hill resorts. There are many unforgettable walks, day-excursions by the dozen, a variety of convenient shopping and entertainment museums, and ice-skating in winter. Shimla is the base or the unwinding point for numerous exhilarating routes to the state interior.


Today the town is distinctive for its variety of architecture. It has one of the rare surviving urban forests, made all the more unique, for its species are temperate to alpine ones in what is otherwise a tropical zone. And then Shimla’s famous Mall offers one of the longest stretches of pedestrian shopping in the world.


Tourism Information
Tourist Info Centres
Travel Safety Tips
Business & Tenders
RTI
Tourists Statistics
Country-wise Foreign Tourist Statistics
Number of Hotels and Bed Capacity
Contact Us
Site Map
Downloads
Brochures
E-Journal: Monal
Application Forms
Regn. of Tourism Unit
Regn. of Travel Agent
Regn. of Outdoor Photographer
Regn. of Tourist/Hotel Guide
Regn. of Restaurant/Bar
Regn. of Adventure Sports Operator
Proforma for Setting Tourism Projects
Affidavit
Application for Home Stay Scheme
Policies, Schemes, Acts, Rules & Guidelines
Tourism Policy 2013
H.P. Tourism Development and Registration Act-2002
HP Tourism Dev. and Reg of Tourism Trade-Rules-2012
HP River Rafting Rules-2005
Other Website Links
Government of India
Government of Himachal
Childline 1098 Helpline
Meterological Department, Shimla
Tourism Related Links
Tourism GIS Portal
HP Tourism Development Corporation
Great Himalayan National Park
Eco Tourism Destinations in Himachal
Forest Corporation-Eco Tourism
Raid-de-Himalayas
Mountain Biking, Himachal
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Mountaineering & Allied Sports
State Institute of Hotel Management, Hamirpur
















This is the official web portal of Department of Tourism & Civil Aviation, Government of Himachal Pradesh. The site is informative, and has links to other State Government
Organizations also. The content of these websites are owned by respective organizations and they may be contacted for any further information or suggestion.

© Copyright 2014, Department of Tourism & Civil Aviation, Government of Himachal Pradesh.                                                                                                    Designed & Developed By : Sreshta Communications, www.sreshta.us