Height: 932 m
Area: 2825 sq Km
Population: 4.58 lakhs
Languages: Hindi, Punjabi, English are understood and spoken by the people engaged in tourism trade.
Nahan is situated on an isolated ridge in the Shiwalik hills, overlooking Greenfields. Nahan is a well laid-out picturesque town, known for its cleanliness and dust free streets. Saint and princes are linked with the origin of Nahan. The city was founded as a capital by Raja Karan Prakash in 1621. Another version recalls a saint who lived with a companionable Nahar on the site where the Nahan palace now stands "Nahar" means a Lion and probably the town takes its name from this saint. Nahan situated at an altitude of 932 meters, is a good base for visits to the surrounding areas viz. Renuka, Paonta Sahib, Trilokpur temple and the Suketi Fossil Park. It has a pleasant climate throughout the year and is watered by manmade lake and decorated with temples and gardens. It is the headquarters of Sirmaur district.
There gently level walks; Villa Round, Military Round and Hospital Round are evocative of the city's past. The hub of Nahan's activities is Chaugan, Bikram Bagh and Khadar-Ka-Bagh. Gift shops, Rosin & Turpine factory and local temples are among the other major attractions. Nahan celebrates Bawan Dwadshi towards the end of the monsoon when fifty two idols of local gods are carried in procession to Jagannath temple where they are floated ceremoniously in a pool and are restored at midnight to their niches. In the heart of Nahan town is Rani Tal, where a large temple and a tank from the days of ex-rulers of Sirmaur State can be seen. Ducks and Cranes are seen playing in the Ranital Tank, and Ranital Garden further addition to the charm.
By Road - Nahan is approachable from many directions by road
1. Via Dehradun (Uttrakhand) through Paonta Sahib
2. Via Kala-Amb from Haryana and
3. Via Solan from Shimla (H.P.)
Regular bus services are available linking it to the other towns like Manali, Delhi and Haridwar.
By Rail - The nearest railway stations are Ambala, Chandigarh and Kalka which are connected by a regular bus service.
By Air - Nearest airport is at Chandigarh.
Popularly known as the Peach valley, Rajgarh is a lush green valley in Sirmaur district. Rajgarh is a place of great natural beauty and is about 40 Km from Solan. One can camp and trek in the valley. At Rajgarh, rest house of PWD and Forest Department are available for staying, besides private hotels and guest houses.
The people of this valley are dynamic and hardworking. They are religious and worshippers of Lord Shiva and Goddess Durga. The local Shaya temple of Lord Shirgul has a mammoth following. According to a legend, Lord Shirgul had first come to Shaya village and later settled in Churdhar Mountain at height of 12,000 feet.
The famous Baru Sahib Gurdwara also lies in this valley and is worth a visit. It is 29 Km from Rajgarh and is situated beyond Kheri, a picturesque spot on the banks of a tributary of the Giri River.
Habban Valley: It is an enchanting destination and the area has thick pine fir, kail, baan and deodar forests besides orchards of apples and peaches. The climate is pleasant round the year and in winter, Habban occasionally has snow. Habban is about 70 Km from Solan via Yashwant Nagar and Rajgarh.
Haripurdhar: Haripurdhar is about two hour journey from Rajgarh and is famous for the temple of Bhangyani Devi, a god sister of Lord Shirgul, the principal deity whose seat is at Churdhar. For staying PWD rest house (3 sets) and newly constructed trekkers hut is available, besides the Sarai in the temple.
Nohradhar: On way to Haripurdhar from Rajgarh, Nohradhar is one hour journey and is a base for trekking to Churdhar. There are many trek routes in the valley to Churdhar, like-Sailpaw-Dokhta-Churdhar (7 Km), Haripurdhar-Churdhar (17 Km), Nohradhar-Churdhar (14 Km), Sarahan-Churdhar (7 Km), Habban-Churdhar (15 Km). For staying rest house of PWD (3 sets), IPH (2 sets) and some Guest houses are available.
Churdhar: Dominating the entire landscape of fields, forests and ravines is the Churdhar peak, which rises to 3647 meters and is a trekkers’ treat from Nahan and Renuka. Approached by way of Dadahu, Sangrah, Bhawal, Gandhuri and Nauhra, it is a 50 Km trek. A less taxing journey is by taxi or car to Nauhra and thereafter a walk of 16 Km. The climb is difficult but rewarding. The peak offers a fine view of the Gangetic plains and the Satluj river in south, and Badrinath towards the north, a well known Hindu pilgrimage. Also seen are the hills of Chakrata and Shimla from the top. An alternative route to Choordhar is through Rajgarh, an orchard country.
Dhaula Kuan: On the road to Paonta Sahib 20 Km from Nahan, this is worthwhile stop which prides itself with a sprawling orchard of citrus plants and mangoes, and a fruit processing factory manufacturing various kinds of juices, jams, pickles and canned fruits. A little away from Dhaula Kuan is Kastasan Devi temple where Raja Jagat Singh defeated the advancing army of Rulam Quadir Rohilla in a great battle. Their victory is commemorated in the Devi Temple, built in gratitude by the Raja. Dhaula Kuan also has a research station of HP Agricultural University where useful research on tropical fruits is carried out.
Suketi Fossil Park: It displays life size fibreglass model of pre-historic animals whose fossil, skeletons were unearthed here. The park is first of its kind in Asia to be developed at the actual site where fossils were discovered. At a distance of 21 Km from Nahan, the Suketi Fossil Park is located on the bank of Markanda River and is approachable by a link road 4 Km from Kala-Amb from Haryana. Located on upper and middle Shiwaliks, consisting mainly of soft sandstone and clay rocks, the park at present has six sets of life-size models of Stegodonganesa (extinct grand elephant) Sivatherium, Hexaprotodon-Sivalensis (hippopotamus with six incisors), Colosschelys Atlas (giant land tortoise and chelonian), Paramachaerdus (Sabre Toothed tiger) and Crocodilia the animals which once thrived in the region.
The Shiwalik formations contain one of the world's richest collections of mammalian fossils. From a study of these fossils, it has been possible for the palaeontologists to probe into the mysteries of evolution of prehistoric life and the climate and environment of these periods which go back to Jurassic era, nearly 8.5 million years ago. The Shiwalik deposits are unsurpassed in the world for the richness of the fauna they entomb.
The other major attraction is the Museum which contains various fossils, models, charts and paintings relating to the various aspects of plants and animals life of the past and present in Shiwalik range.
Places to visit
|Suketi Fossil Park||21|
|Balasundri temple, Trilokpur||23|
|Rajgarh (via Bagthan)||99|
1. Thrive in the beautiful valleys of Nahan.
2. Visit the Agricultural University and enjoy Tropical Fruits.
3. Learn about Pre-historic fossils preserved at Suketi Fossil Park.
4. Explore the hidden hamlets while trekking across Churdhar.
Nahan has accommodation to suit most types of budgets and tastes. HPTDC guest houses provide a comfortable stay at reasonable prices. Details are available from local tourist offices. For stay and further enquiries contact HPTDC or Renuka Dev Board.
Local buses operate regularly. Taxis are also available.
|STD Code, Nahan||1702|
|Tourist Information Centre, Shimla||0177-2654589, 2654589, 2832498|
|Department of Tourism and Civil Aviation, Shimla|| 0177-2625924, 2625864, 2625511 |
Fax: 0177-2625864, 2625864
|HPTDC's Marketing Office, Shimla|| 0177-2652561/2658302|
Temperature: In winters, the temperature can hover around freezing point and in summer temperatures are high.
Maximum temperature reaches 38 C and minimum to 6C
Clothing: Cotton clothes in summer and light to heavy woolens in winter.